Thursday, August 1, 2013
INNOVATION IN EDUCATION
Rogers E Miller (1971)
'An idea, practice or object perceived as new by the relevant unit of adoption, whether it is an individual or an organization'
'An effort to introduce a practice in order to bring about a social change. The practice need not be totally new: its efficeincy and potentiality in a new context are the main criteria used in labelling is as innovation. The emphaisi is on change in terms providing a strategy to deal with specific local or national problem'
Vanterpool (1990) - the characteristics of an innovation that predict a high probability of success are implicit in the following questions:
1. Relative advantage (compare with what exists)
¨ Will it be more effective in improving learning?
¨ Will it be conserve resources more effeciently?
¨ Will it have a position impact on the total programme?
2. Compatibility (consistent with values, xperiences, needs)
¨ Will it fit well with other aspects of the programme?
¨ Will it be accepted?
3. Testability (can be tried on an experimental basis)
¨ Has it been tested in schools like ours?
¨ Can it be pilot-tested?
¨ Can we use selected parts?
4. Observability (can be seen in action)
¨ Can we see a live demonstration with children?
¨ Can we see a videotaped demonstration?
¨ Can we see variations in its application?
5. Complexity (ease of use)
¨ Will teachers need special training?
¨ Will it add to teachers' paperwork?